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If Surrealism was at first a literary movement, experimenting with language free from conscious control, soon it expended to other medium such as plastics arts, photography and cinema.
In art, Surrealism introduced concepts of liberation and psychological techniques to art, and paid homage to Giorgio De Chirico as the founder of the surrealist aesthetic. Automatism would replace the will and the conscious mind.
Brandishing the banner of Surrealism, Breton and his friends asserted their aim of surpassing and reinventing the real. Breton enjoined the Surrealists to found a "physics of poetry". The object, soon to crystallise the thinking of militant Surrealism.
The exhibition show the different aspect of Surrealism focusing on objects. While they took up the ready-made idea in "recycling" everyday items, the first Surrealist objects were also created with collage and the game of the cadavre exquis (the free juxtaposition of heterogeneous elements) practised by the Surrealists since 1925.
Giorgio de Chirico was a Greek-born Italian artist. In the years before World War I, he founded the scuola metafisica art movement, ... read more
Man Ray was an American modernist artist who spent most of his career in Paris. He was a significant contributor to the Dada and ... read more
Marcel Duchamp was a French-American painter, sculptor and writer whose work is associated with Dadaism and conceptual art. He grew up ... read more
Pablo Picasso was a Spanish artist who spent most of his life in France. Picasso is commonly regarded as one of the artists who most ... read more